How to write a retraction

But Dooley had merely fainted; the seconds confessed they had so feared the outcome that they loaded the pistols with blanks. Although we cannot rule out that this signal was of nuclear origin". We have a system for communicating results in which the need for retraction is exploding, the replicability of research is diminishing, and the most standard measure of journal quality is becoming a farce.

In the early s Scott died inwhen both the adversaries had become judges, one of the sights then to see was Meredith helping his brother judge up the steep Court House steps, a result of the lameness in his leg that had remained with Scott since their encounter.

Respond quickly to a request for a retraction. The longer we stick with it, the more likely it will become even worse. On the other hand Waldo Stumpf, of the Atomic Energy Corporation of South Africa, argues that South Africa did not have the means to conduct a test at that time, but also states that "South Africa was certainly not responsible and was also not involved with anybody else, in this incident [Stumpf ].

When studies are reproduced, the resulting evidence is often weaker than in the original study. When she bears a son several years later, Walter again has him taken from her under identical circumstances.

Healey, once friends, had fallen in love with the same young lady, and had quarrelled bitterly over her. Those interviewed included its leader Donald M. The characteristics of the light curve indicated that it was a low kiloton explosion approximately 3 kt.

This is a causal model in which a hypothesized cause is evaluated by considering the likelihood of each of a set of ambiguous evidences is a consequence of it, none of which is a "smoking gun".

In particular, the information provided to the IAEA that South Africa did not construct its first nuclear explosive device until Novembertwo months after the mysterious flash, and that the first batch of highly enriched uranium was kept in an experimental device until John'sNewfoundland which was not Canadian territory at the time.

He is depicted as thin and impoverished, hard-working and wholly dedicated to his studies. During the years following the Vela detection unsourced reports periodically surfaced ascribing the test to one of the above possibilities.

Gerhardt was quoted in the February 20, City Press: Inthe middle author of the paper, Elad Takoretracted another paper — about iron levels in maize — after the authors realized some aspects of it were incorrect.

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Neither of these assertions is correct and we retract them. Dupont eventually overcame his opponent 19 years later in a pistol duel, and forced Fournier to promise never to bother him again.

When we have convinced ourselves of that, we must see the consequences it has for the evaluation processes essential to the construction of careers in science and we must push nascent alternatives such as Google Scholar and others forward.

The last author of the study told Retraction Watch the paper is going to be retracted, because the authors made a fundamental error calculating the amount of zinc present in canned foods.

This phenomenon occurs because the surface of the early fireball is quickly overtaken by the expanding hydrodynamic shock wave. Yet it is exactly the spectacularity of statistical flukes that increase the odds of getting published in a high prestige journal.

Generally speaking, to be effective, a retraction must be a "frank and full" withdrawal of the defamatory accusation. Merely stating that the subject of the statement denies the accusation is not enough, nor is a weak, grudging, or half-hearted correction.

Additionally, the retraction must appear in a manner comparable to that of the original. A formal retraction is a formal statement disavowing something previously averred.

An individual on behalf of himself or on behalf of a private or public organization can issue a formal retraction. Formal retractions are difficult, but necessary, to deliver in certain circumstances.

Why you can’t trust research: 3 problems with the quality of science

Report on the Vela Incident By Carey Sublette. Last changed 1 September The Vela Incident. On 22 September around GMT, the Vela satellite detected the characteristic double flash of an atmospheric nuclear explosion apparently over the Indian Ocean or South Atlantic.

Al the Silent Crusader–Here are two more MUSTs for the SSPX: Stay away from and speak loudly against Demonic Rome. The SSPX cannot insure the survival of the Faith without these two crucial steps. Retraction definition, the act of retracting or the state of being retracted.

Why you can’t trust research: 3 problems with the quality of science

See more. The following is a list of notable one-on-one duels or single combats in history and in legend or fiction.

How to write a retraction
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